2 edition of stimulus prefix effect found in the catalog.
stimulus prefix effect
Ray E Bower
Written in English
|Statement||by Ray E. Bower|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vii, 79 leaves ;|
|Number of Pages||79|
Once a bright and hopeful prospect, the proposed stimulus package has actually become a negative influence on the U.S. economy. As is so often the case, the stimulus bill has become something else – an opportunity to reshape government's influence in the economy, as well as fund a lot of programs that wouldn’t otherwise be funded if they had to stand on their own merit. A stimulus can prepare an animal to respond to the CS, basically 'sets the occasion' for another stimulus to elicit a conditioned response. Properties of a Pavlovian occasion-setting stimulus: In the absence of the occasion setting stimulus, the CS has no effect on behavior. Interoceptive cues can also act as occasion setters for CS.
Alex has recently lost his job. Without the salary, he finds it difficult to meet his expenses. Which of the following is a side effect of extinction that Alex is most likely to exhibit? a. A negative contrast effect b. A poor stimulus control c. Depression d. Aversion. The cocktail party effect is a) the ability to pay attention to one stimulus while filtering out other stimuli. b) the inability to pay attention to one stimulus in the presence of competing stimuli. c) the diminished awareness of information in a crowd. d) the equal division of attention between competing stimuli.
Common stimulus relief programs. The following examples can help you understand how to record stimulus dollars. Loan programs. A portion of the stimulus funds come from low interest loans and PPP loans. Some or all of the principal and interest may be eligible for forgiveness. When you receive these stimulus funds, record them as a liability. The behavior-altering effect is either (a) an increase in the current frequency of the behavior that has been reinforced by some stimulus, object, or event called an evocative effect; or (b) a decrease in the current frequency of behavior that has been reinforced by some stimulus, object, or event called an abative effect. (p. ).
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Two separate effects were observed; in the case of both prefixes and suffixes, an increase in length produced a decrement in performance on items in the middle of the sequence. In the case of the suffix, there was an additional effect on the last digit presented; in this case however, long suffixes produced less disruption than by: Recall of auditory items can be disrupted by presentation of an irrelevant auditory stimulus (a stimulus suffix).
Previous researchers have suggested that suffix effects are not found on recognition tests. Two experiments are presented here that demonstrate suffix effects on recognition by: 5. Encoding of the irrelevant stimulus prefix appears to be obligatory: both semantic and nonsemantic features of the prefix can contact memory.
The stimulus prefix effect is defined by the better recall of a memory series of ap- proximately span length than of the same series prefixed by an stimulus prefix effect book and redun- dant by: 3.
Abstract The stimulus suffix is a redundant item presented immediately after a stimulus list. Its effect is the selective impairment of recall of the final items in a serially recalled, auditorily. It was found that letter prefixes were most disruptive of the recall of letter strings, as were digit prefixes of digit strings, and same-category word prefixes of word strings.
Encoding of the irrelevant stimulus prefix appears to be obligatory; both semantic and nonsemantic features of the prefix. Two experiments contrasted short-term memory and sensory memory (precategorical acoustic storage) explanations of the stimulus suffix effect.
Experiment 1 attempted to interfere with recency recall by forcing subjects to encode nonverbal acoustic suffixes into a verbal, articulatory code. The prefix effect, in which a redundant stimulus (or response) digit acts like a non-redundant one in its load on memory, is easily explained by the speech-perception hypothesis but seems to pose difficulty for the other approaches.
JOURNAL OF VERBAL LEARNING AND VERBAL BEHAVIOR 9, () The Stimulus Suffix Effect with Reversed Speech1 ROBERT G. CROWDER AND VICKI P.
RAEBURN Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut If the redundant suffix "zero" is added to the end of immediate memory stimuli, there is a selective performance decrement in ordered recall which is most apparent. The present study examined the stimulus prefix effect of immediate recall under conditions in which the prefix element was defined explicitly as being an irrelevant item that should be ignored, or, alternatively, as an item to be remembered and recalled.
Memory was poorer in the latter case. Seven experiments studied whether irrelevant visual stimuli (stimulus suffixes) would interfere with immediate serial recall of supraspan lists of digits presented visually.
Across experiments a wide number of conditions were run, varying in method of presentation (sequential or simultaneous), rate of list presentation, and presence or absence of articulatory suppression.
The present study examined the stimulus prefix effect of immediate recall under conditions in which the prefix element was defined explicitly as being an irrelevant item that should be ignored, or.
In Experiment 2, participants were presented with lists containing between 2 and 12 words. Half of the trials contained a triple word stimulus prefix. For short lists in IFR, the overall recall of SP1 and the tendency to initiate recall with SP1 were reduced but far from eliminated by the stimulus prefix.
See also. Isolation of items and the stimulus suffix effect Isolation of items and the stimulus suffix effect. Two mechanisms in the stimulus suffix effect Two mechanisms in the stimulus suffix effect.
Stimulus suffix effects with speech and nonspeech sounds Stimulus suffix effects with speech and nonspeech sounds.
The stimulus suffix effect as a memory coding phenomenon The stimulus suffix. textual response, and maintenance of the reinforcement effects for observing books for three of the four children.
The purpose of studies reported herein was to test the applicability of the stimulus-stimulus pairing procedure on independent play and independent responding to worksheets during seatwork. Two experiments are reported which showed that a stimulus suffix word, following eight words presented for immediate serial recall, affected recall performance differentially for the final list word: the target word.
The observed difference depended on whether the target word and suffix were associated. It was concluded that both the target word and the redundant stimulus suffix were coded at.
Timely, so that its effects are felt while economic activity is still below potential; when the economy has recovered, stimulus becomes counterproductive.
Temporary, to avoid raising inflation and to minimize the adverse long-term effects of a larger budget deficit. Stimulus control occurs when: a) an individual behaves one way in the presence of a stimulus and differently in the presence of another b) an individual behaves the same way in the presence of 2 or more stimuli c) an individual has control over the stimuli they choose to respond to.
A definition of the term "suffix effect" is presented. It refers to a theory in psychology that was identified by American psychologists D.
Salter and J.G. Colley. According to this theory, an extraneous stimulus that is presented immediately following the full list of to-be-recalled materials, depresses the recall of. Stimulus checks have been tried before. The idea is, during times of economic stress, money placed in the pocket of the consumer will spark demand as.
Results suggest the importance of perceptual analysis in both the stimulus suffix effect and the isolation effect.
Thirty Ss heard and serially recalled 36 different nine-digit series. The recall cue was a buzzer, the wordzero read in the same voice that read the first.
The literature on the stimulus suffix effect shows that if the suffix is presented in a voice different from that in which the list items are presented, there is less of a decrement in list recall. Dow Jumps A Record 2, Points As Stimulus Deal Awaited: Coronavirus Live Updates U.S.
stock indexes surged as negotiations continued over a massive stimulus package to help the crippled economy.stimulus suffix effect were increased.
EXPERIMENT 1 The number of syllables in the suffixes was varied by using nouns having either one or two syllables, and voice quality was varied by having either a male or a female voice for suffixes appended to male-voice lists.
To ensure that differences in recogni.